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China's International Science and Technology Cooperation

China's International Science and Technology Cooperation
International science and technology exchange and cooperation is an important part of China's open-door policy. It not only represents an important measure for developing the Chinese economy and science and technology but also constitutes a major component of the overall bilateral relations China has with other countries.

Since the advent of reforms and opening to the outside world, China has conducted both governmental and non-governmental science and technology exchange and cooperation both through bilateral and multilateral channels wouldwide, under the guidance of national diplomatic policy, according to the requirements of China's scientific and technological and economic development and in line with the principle of "equality and mutual benefit, sharing results, protecting intellectual property rights, and respecting international norms".   China has so far established S&T cooperation ties with 152 countries or regions, signed inter-governmental S&T cooperation agreements with more than 90 countries, and become a member of over 1,000 international S&T cooperation organizations. China launched the socalled the international S&T cooperation program for key projects in 2001, in an effort to seek more extensive international cooperation. Recent years have witnessed China's participation in numerous major international S&T cooperation initiatives, including the human genome project, global environmental change project, the European Nuclear Research Center's project, and nuclear fusion study among many others. China collaborates with France and Germany in creating joint labs for information automation and biomedicine. At the same time, it has intensified the international cooperation in high tech fields, including the construction of China-US S&T Park at the University of Maryland, China-Russia S&T Park, and China-Singapore S&T Park. All these efforts have resulted in satisfactory accomplishments.

The Government of China has adopted a series of measures to encourage S&T personnel and research institutes to involve themselves in international cooperation in all aspects through various channels at different levels in a multitude of forms such as attending international academic conferences, holding international S&T exhibitions and symposiums, inviting foreign experts on lecture tours and for technical consultancy and feasibility studies, conducting cooperative research, joint investigation and exploratory activities, holding academic seminars, establishing joint laboratories, technical training centers, joint venture high-tech enterprises, sending scholars to conduct joint research in institutes abroad, and S&T personnel being hired overseas. The Chinese Government strives to gear international S&T cooperation towards integration with cooperative activities in other areas, particularly in the economic sector.